We have written to President Hakainde Hichilema to begin making the boundary of Barosteland.


  1. Dr Sishuwa Sishuwa is a reader in Modern History. He’s especially knowledgeable about how modern nation-states emerged, including post-colonial states in Africa because they are all part of what constitutes Modern History. Dr Sishuwa would do Zambians a favour by commenting on Linyungandambo and its agenda of creating an independent state out of Barotseland which is currently an integral part of Zambia. During the colonial era, Barotse people required no special authorisation to attend school and seek employment in the rest of Northern Rhodesia.

  2. This issue has reared its ugly head again. What don’t you want to be part of the rest of humanity.
    Ukutumpa umubili onse.

  3. The Barotseland Agreement will keep on chocking us as long as we leave it un attended to. Presidents have come and gone and none of the six past presidents, including Dr. Kenneth Kaunda who signed the Agreement have not dared to look at it seriously so that it can be resolved once and for all. This matter started as soon as BA was signed in 1964 and has been there since then, but I won’t go into history now. When Sata was still campaigning as an opposition Leader, he promised to deal with the issue if he was voted into power, but upon being in power, he never did anything about the BA itself. The only thing he did was to appoint the Chongwe Commission of Inquiry to look at the killings and other crimes against humanity which took place against the Barotseland activists or secessionists although they prefer to be called Separatists. The findings of the Chongwe Commission, to date, have not been disclosed. After the death of Sata, PF did nothing in the whole of the seven years it remained ruling until it was out of power in 2021. I still remember at one time in July, 2012, the late veteran politician Sikota Wina wanted to have a press briefing on the Barotseland Agreement but the press briefing was called off at the last minute and never took place. But a day earlier, Sikota Wina had a meeting with Induna Batuke Imenda and other Barotseland prominent people but no details of the meeting were given. Maybe the discussions should have been allowed to go on and by now, we could have been somewhere with this issue. I don’t know how the current and 7th President will handle it but in my opinion, the people to handle this issue should be the Republican President and the Litunga of Barotseland because they are the ones who signed the Agreement through their predecessors, Dr. Kaunda and Sir Mwanawina Lewanika the third. That being the case, the government should not entertain or listen to any individual group but to the Litunga only, he is the one who signed the agreement between the Zambian government and the Barotseland. The matter can only be official if His Majesty the Litunga can come in the open and tell the Zambian Government that Barotseland wants to separate or secede from the rest of Zambia. That way the matter can be discussed and eventually be resolved amicably probably through a referendum. Otherwise, any group which agitates for the separation of Barotseland without the blessings of the Litunga is illegal and has no mandate to write the President, the President can only be written to by his fellow signatory to the Agreement, the Litunga and that is the only person he can respond. Moreover, apart from the Litunga, there is no one group which can claim to represent the whole of Barotseland. We don’t want Northern Ireland to shift to Zambia where one group wants Northern Ireland to remain under the Crown, the other group wants it separate from UK and be on its own while the third group wants it to be part of the united Ireland.

    However, I have one or two questions which I want to be schooled or someone can help me to answer them. Ever since we were young, then went to school, we were being told and taught that the country Zambia came into being after the annexation of the two countries namely; Northeastern Rhodesia and Northwestern Rhodesia without the mentioning of Barotseland, so my questions are;

    1. Was it deliberate not to mention the Barotseland so that history could be distorted, destroyed or could remain hidden from us?

    2. Was Northwestern Rhodesia the same country which was known as Barotseland?

    3. If that was not the case, was Barotseland an autonomous territory within the country of Northwestern Rhodesia, as we have Lesotho and Eswatini within South Africa?

    4. If Barotseland was an autonomous territory within Northwestern Rhodesia, kindly help me to understand why and how the Litunga had to sign for the annexation Agreement of the whole Northwestern Rhodesia instead of just signing for the Barotseland?

    5. How did the people of Barotseland, Northwestern Rhodesia and Northeastern Rhodesia find themselves working and fighting for Independence together even before the BA was signed? How did they come together as Northern Rhodesia citizens prior to the signing of the BA? It’s like the idea of annexing the two countries was already there because even under the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, the Federation covered the whole territory of the present day Zambia. Also when the freedom movements started, the first black person who formed or the founder of the first black freedom movement was Godwin Mbikusita Lewanika who later became the Litunga of Barotseland in 1968 and was on the throne until 1977 when he passed on. And being one of the few well educated Africans that time, Godwin Mbikusita Lewanika did a lot to bring about our Independence in Zambia, he also did a lot to coordinate with other African freedom fighters like Kwame Nkrumah, Jomo Kenyatta, Ngwazi Hastings Kamuzu Banda, Harry Mwaanga Nkumbula who later took over from him as leader of Northern Rhodesia African Nation Congress. We want all this history to be well documented so that we are well informed.

  4. The most contentious issue about the Agreement is that of the boundary of Barotseland and how this came about. Does this include parts of Southern, Central, Northwestern and Copperbelt Provinces? If so, is this not what has made the issue to be unpopular among Zambians?


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